Selasa, 23 Oktober 2012

Expressing Sympathy


Sympathy is a process a person feels attracted towards others, so that they can feel what is experienced, done and suffered by others.
Sympathy is used to show our sympathy when our family, friends and colleagues experience something bad or go through a terrible situation. It is almost has the same purpose with expressing condolence.
But, expressing condolence is deepest than sympathy. For example, when our friend’s father has passed away, we use the condolence expression. With say “Please accept my deepest condolence”.
Here are some expressions to show our sympathy to other people:
  • Oh, I am sorry to hear that.
  • That’s  too bad.
  • What a pity of you !
  • Be patient, it would be better soon.
  • I take my sympathy to you.
  • I sympathize with your condition.
  • I know how are your feeling.
  • You must be very upset.
  • Oh, poor Jane. What happened to her?
  • Please accept my condolence.

Expression of sympathy for something fun:
-   I'm happy for you then.
-  Great!
-  How exciting!
Here are some responses to accept sympathy from other people :
o   I hope so.
o   It’s very kind of you.
o   That’s a pity, isn’t it?
o   Thanks for your sympathy.
o   Thanks for your support.
o   I would be OK, thank you very much for your support.
o   Thank you for your concern.
o   Thank you so much.

Senin, 22 Oktober 2012

Simple Present Tense

                SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Simple present tense is used to indicate a situation that exists right now, it is used for general statements of facts and used for habitual or every day activity.
For example :
a.   Habitual Action
·         Cindy always brushes her teeth before sleep at night

b.   General Statement of Fact
·         A hour has sixty minutes

Simple Present Pattern
1.   Nominal (kalimat dengan predikat bukan kata kerja, kata kerjanya berupa To Be : Am, Is, Are)

For example :

(+) He is a dentist     à S + to be + C
(-) He is not a dentist à S + to be + not + C
(?) Is he a dentist ?   à to be + S + C + ?
      When using word question ( W/H question such as What, Who, When, Why, Where, Which, How ), we simply put the question word in the beginning of the sentence and followed by the form of question pattern above.
For example :
Use this formula    à   ( W/H question + to be + S + C + ? )
·         Why is she sad ?
·         When are you angry ?

2.  Verbal ( kalimat dengan predikat berupa kata kerja )

For example :

(+) S + Verb1 – s/es + O/C/adv
      I play a guitar every week
      He walks around the garden every morning

(-)  S + do/does + not + verb1 + O/C/adv
     She does not wash her car this morning
     They do not listen to their teacher

(?) Do/does + S + verb1 + O/C/adv + ?
      Does he cut the grasses ?
      Do you talk to me ?

Spelling of third person singular forms
§  Most Verbs :
Add  –s to infinitive
Ex : 
o   Work à Works
o   Drink à Drinks
o   Look à Looks
o   Etc.
§  Verbs ending in consonants + y :
Change the ‘y’ into ‘i’ and add –es
Ex :
o   Cry à Cries
o   Deny à Denies
o   Fly à Flies
o   Study à Studies
o   Etc.
§  Verbs ending in -z, -s, -ch, or –x :
Add –es to infinitive
Ex :
o   Bless à Blesses
o   Watch à Watches
o   Brush à Brushes
o   Mix à Mixes
o   Buzz à Buzzes
o   Etc.
§  Verbs ending in vocal –o :
Add  –es to infinitive
Ex :
o   Go à Goes
o   Do à Does
o   Etc.
Additional : Have à has
             Do = I, you, we, they
             Does = he, she, it, Mr. Thomas, Miss Een

Adverb of time (keterangan waktu)
ü  Every day
ü  Every week
ü  In the morning
ü  Every/each
ü  Every month
ü  Every year
ü  At five
ü  Once/twice a day
Adverb of frequency (keterangan pengulangan)
ü  Always
ü  Never
ü  Sometimes
ü  Ever
ü  Seldom
ü  Often
ü  Usually