Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense.
The purpose of the text is to entertain or to amuse the readers or listeners about the story.
- To entertain the readers.
- To teach or inform.
- To change social opinion.
The generic structure of Narrative text :
- Orientation :
It set the scene and introduce the participants (it answers the question : who, when, what, and where).
2. Complication :
Tells the problems of the story and how the main characters solve them. This part includes situations, activities, or events that lead problem/complication to the climax.it shows when the crisis arise.
3. Resolution :
The crisis is revolved, for better or worse. It shows the end of the story, usually a happy ending.
Other generic structures of narrative text:
· Evaluation : (optional) The stepping back to evaluate the story or the moral message of the story
· Coda : (optional) changes of the characters of lesson / value of the story.
· Re-orientation : (optional) The ending of the story.
The grammatical features of narrative texts are :
· Use of adjectives to build noun groups to describe the people, animals or things in the story, such as… a nice, diligent and kind-hearted man, etc.
· Use of time connectives and conjunctions to sequence events through time, such as however, although, later, then.
· Use of adverbs and adverbial phrases to locate the particular events, such as once upon a time, long time ago.
· Use of past tenses, such as Aji Saka went to the kingdom, measured the size of the turban, etc.
· Use of action verbs to indicate the actions, such as stood, explained, provided, smashed.
· Use of saying and thinking verbs to indicate what characters are feeling thinking or saying, such as told, realized, decided.
The kind of narrative texts are :
· Legend: Lake Toba, Malin Kundang, etc.
· Fable: Crocodile and Mouse Deer, etc.
· A fairy tale: Snow White, Cinderella, Pinocchio etc.
· Mystery: Mirror, The Ring, Ghost Ship, etc.
· Science fiction: SpiderMan, Fantastic 4, etc.
Example of narrative text :