Selasa, 13 November 2012

Narrative Text

Narrative text is a kind of text to retell the story that past tense. 
The purpose of the text is to entertain or to amuse the readers or listeners about the story.

  • To entertain the readers.
  • To teach or inform.
  • To change social opinion.
The generic structure of Narrative text :
  1. Orientation :
It set the scene and introduce the participants (it answers the question : who, when, what, and where).
2.      Complication :
Tells the problems of the story and how the main characters solve them. This part includes situations, activities, or events that lead problem/complication to the shows when the crisis arise.
3.      Resolution :
The crisis is revolved, for better or worse. It shows the end of the story, usually a happy ending.
Other generic structures of narrative text:

·         Evaluation        : (optional) The stepping back to evaluate the story or the moral message of the story
·         Coda                 : (optional) changes of the characters of lesson / value of the story.
·         Re-orientation   : (optional) The ending of the story.
The grammatical features of narrative texts are :
·         Use of adjectives to build noun groups to describe the people, animals or things in the story, such as… a nice, diligent and kind-hearted man, etc.
·         Use of time connectives and conjunctions to sequence events through time, such as however, although, later, then.
·         Use of adverbs and adverbial phrases to locate the particular events, such as once upon a time, long time ago.
·         Use of past tenses, such as Aji Saka went to the kingdom, measured the size of the turban, etc.
·         Use of action verbs to indicate the actions, such as stood, explained, provided, smashed.
·         Use of saying and thinking verbs to indicate what characters are feeling thinking or saying, such as told, realized, decided.

The kind of narrative texts are :
·         Legend: Lake Toba, Malin Kundang, etc.
·         Fable: Crocodile and Mouse Deer, etc.
·         A fairy tale: Snow White, Cinderella, Pinocchio etc.
·         Mystery: Mirror, The Ring, Ghost Ship, etc.
·         Science fiction: SpiderMan, Fantastic 4, etc.

Example of narrative text :

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