Senin, 22 Oktober 2012

Simple Present Tense

                SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
Simple present tense is used to indicate a situation that exists right now, it is used for general statements of facts and used for habitual or every day activity.
For example :
a.   Habitual Action
·         Cindy always brushes her teeth before sleep at night

b.   General Statement of Fact
·         A hour has sixty minutes

Simple Present Pattern
1.   Nominal (kalimat dengan predikat bukan kata kerja, kata kerjanya berupa To Be : Am, Is, Are)

For example :

(+) He is a dentist     à S + to be + C
(-) He is not a dentist à S + to be + not + C
(?) Is he a dentist ?   à to be + S + C + ?
      When using word question ( W/H question such as What, Who, When, Why, Where, Which, How ), we simply put the question word in the beginning of the sentence and followed by the form of question pattern above.
For example :
Use this formula    à   ( W/H question + to be + S + C + ? )
·         Why is she sad ?
·         When are you angry ?

2.  Verbal ( kalimat dengan predikat berupa kata kerja )

For example :

(+) S + Verb1 – s/es + O/C/adv
      I play a guitar every week
      He walks around the garden every morning

(-)  S + do/does + not + verb1 + O/C/adv
     She does not wash her car this morning
     They do not listen to their teacher

(?) Do/does + S + verb1 + O/C/adv + ?
      Does he cut the grasses ?
      Do you talk to me ?

Spelling of third person singular forms
§  Most Verbs :
Add  –s to infinitive
Ex : 
o   Work à Works
o   Drink à Drinks
o   Look à Looks
o   Etc.
§  Verbs ending in consonants + y :
Change the ‘y’ into ‘i’ and add –es
Ex :
o   Cry à Cries
o   Deny à Denies
o   Fly à Flies
o   Study à Studies
o   Etc.
§  Verbs ending in -z, -s, -ch, or –x :
Add –es to infinitive
Ex :
o   Bless à Blesses
o   Watch à Watches
o   Brush à Brushes
o   Mix à Mixes
o   Buzz à Buzzes
o   Etc.
§  Verbs ending in vocal –o :
Add  –es to infinitive
Ex :
o   Go à Goes
o   Do à Does
o   Etc.
Additional : Have à has
             Do = I, you, we, they
             Does = he, she, it, Mr. Thomas, Miss Een

Adverb of time (keterangan waktu)
ü  Every day
ü  Every week
ü  In the morning
ü  Every/each
ü  Every month
ü  Every year
ü  At five
ü  Once/twice a day
Adverb of frequency (keterangan pengulangan)
ü  Always
ü  Never
ü  Sometimes
ü  Ever
ü  Seldom
ü  Often
ü  Usually

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